Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): Causes and Symptoms:
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), is a type of depression where you don’t feel 100% during seasonal changes. The seasonal affective disorder occurs annually where changing seasons affect the internal energy of the body and you don’t feel the motivation to get things done. People living away from the equator are more likely to suffer from SAD during winter. According to estimation, people can suffer from the symptoms for around 40% of the year.
Despite extensive research, the specific cause of SAD is not known but multiple factors contribute to severe seasonal depression. One of them is the reduced exposure to sunlight which can disturb the chemicals in the brain that fight the depression and keep you boosted. During the long winter season, a person can lose the happy syndrome and the body’s internal clock gets disturbed leading to depression and anxiety. Due to weather changes, sleep patterns can also get disturbed. Our bodies need a good night’s sleep to naturally recover and give you the natural energy to get on with the next day. Messed up sleep pattern can disturb the mood and can lead to seasonal depression. Lack of sunlight reduces the serotonin levels that play a major role in the happy mood of a person. So, usually, SAD lasts throughout the winter and symptoms subside during spring to summer.
SAD symptoms are almost similar to regular depression. The only difference is the development of symptoms during a specific time of year mainly winters and subsides during summer. When autumn advances, the symptoms start to appear and by winter SAD takes over completely. Let’s go through the list of signs and symptoms of SAD.
• The surge of anxiety and out of proportion anger triggered easily.
• People start to lose confidence and feel guilty and worthless all the time.
• Get agitated easily and stress takes over even in normal situations.
• Lack of decision making abilities and restlessness.
• Social withdrawal and never trying to indulge in any meet up even to change the mood
• In severe cases, suicidal ideas and difficulty concentrating.
• Long sleeping hours and feeling lazy all the time.
• Seasonal depression can happen to working people who work in summers and are out of jobs during winters.
• SAD symptoms can be shifted to summer for some people due to a variety of reasons but commonly SAD is associated with the winter season.
More than any treatment, will power can help you immensely to overcome this disorder. Utilize the sunlight that you can get each day. Going on long walks and soaking in the sunlight can help the body to regain balance and boost serotonin levels. For some cases, medication and therapies are suggested as well but that depends on the diagnosis and treatment suggested by your doctor.